May 25, 2017 01:04 PM PST
SINCE 2007

This Week in History (Nov 21-27 2014)

(Research by Jun Marcelo, Antioch, California)

November 21
1977 - First flight of Concorde (London to New York)


November 22
1963 - John F Kennedy is assassinated while traveling through Dallas, Texas in an open-top convertible; Vice-President Lyndon B Johnson, who was three cars behind Pres. Kennedy in the motorcade is sworn in as 36th president; Pres. Johnson took the presidential oath of office aboard Air Force One as it sat on the runway at Dallas Love Field airport

November 23
1964 - Vatican abolished Latin as official language of Roman Catholic liturgy

November 24
1963 - Jack Ruby, a Dallas nightclub owner, kills Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of Pres. John F Kennedy

November 25
1973 - Bloodless military coup ousts Greek President George Papadopoulos

November 26
1778 - Captain Cook discovers Maui (Sandwich Islands now Hawaii)

November 27
1895 - Alfred Nobel establishes Nobel Prize

The Automobile

The motorcar has a long and decidedly un-American past. The first motorcars date to the late 19th century in Europe and America soon followed. One landmark in America’s love affair with the car came in November 1899, when the first U.S. National Automobile Show opened in New York’s Madison Square Garden.

• The world’s first successful gas-driven motor vehicle is credited to Germany’s Karl-Friedrich Benz in 1885.Benz developed a 3-wheel motorcar that reached a speed of 9 miles per hour and he began to advertise his “motor carriages” in 1888. Benz later merged with another German auto pioneer, Gottlieb Daimler, who introduced his “Mercedes” in 1901. It was named after the daughter of one of Daimler’s investors.
• The Duryea Brothers of Springfield, Massachusetts produced the first American internal combustion auto in 1892. They offered the first motorcar for public sale in 1896. Ransom Olds began production of his curved dash autos in 1901.
• The all-black Model T, which sold for $850.50, went on to become one of the best-selling cars of all time, with 16,536,075 produced between 1908 and 1927.
• By introducing the moving assembly line, Ford was able to produce an auto every 24 seconds and cut prices on his cars to under $300. At the time, Ford was personally making about $25,000 per day. With the raise he gives to his workers, he also knew that his workers would then be able to buy one of those cars